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improve reading comprehension

How to Improve Reading Comprehension in Struggling Readers

Improve reading comprehension by taking multiple steps.  First, we need to understand the reason for reading comprehension struggles. This can be done through reading assessments, conversations with parents and students, and school information. 

Next, improve reading comprehension through building strong reading skills, developing reading strategies for better comprehension, mastering key reading skills, fostering a love for reading and reading fluency, and providing individualized instruction and reading engagement. 

Reading is a vital skill that gives kids access to knowledge and broadens their imagination.  However, it can be a challenge for struggling readers just opening up a book. Helping your child improve their reading comprehension is a goal that can have a lasting impact on their academic success and overall confidence. 

In this blog post, we will explore effective strategies and techniques to enhance reading comprehension in struggling readers, providing you with valuable tools to support your child’s progress.

Understanding Reading Comprehension and Struggling Readers

Reading comprehension is understanding and making sense of what you read. Struggling readers, often facing reading difficulties, may encounter challenges like:

  • Difficulty grasping the main idea of a passage
  • Trouble connecting different parts of the text
  • Struggles with understanding vocabulary
  • Inability to infer or draw conclusions from the text

Improve Reading Comprehension Strategies: Building Strong Reading Skills

1. Active Reading Techniques

  • Encourage your child to engage actively while reading.
  • Teach them to underline or highlight key information.
  • Take brief notes or jot down questions while reading.

2. Using Context Clues

  • Teach your child to use surrounding words to figure out unfamiliar words.
  • Discuss how context helps in understanding the meaning.

3. Questioning Techniques

  • Encourage your child to ask questions while reading.
  • Discuss the importance of asking questions to deepen understanding.
Improve reading comprehension

By employing these comprehension strategies, parents and educators can help children develop a strong foundation in reading. These techniques enhance their understanding of individual texts and equip them with lifelong skills for engaging with various types of reading materials, from fiction to nonfiction.

Developing Reading Strategies for Better Comprehension

1. Guided Reading

  • Consider guided reading sessions with a tutor or parent.
  • Work in small groups to focus on specific skills and discussion.

2. Text Analysis

  • Break down the text into smaller sections.
  • Discuss each section’s main idea, supporting details, and connections.

3. Vocabulary Development

  • Create a vocabulary journal to track new words.
  • Discuss the meaning, synonyms, and how the word is used in sentences.

Consider guided reading sessions involving tutors or parents in small groups to enhance comprehension. Break down texts into sections for analysis, discussing main ideas, details, and connections. Foster vocabulary growth by maintaining a journal for new words and engaging in discussions about meanings, synonyms, and sentence usage.

Improve reading comprehension

Improve Reading Comprehension: Master Key Reading Skills

1. Main Idea Identification

  • Teach your child to identify the main point of a passage.
  • Practice summarizing paragraphs to reinforce main idea comprehension.

2. Inference and Critical Thinking

  • Encourage your child to infer meaning from context.
  • Discuss how authors imply information without explicitly stating it.

3. Summarization

  • Practice summarizing passages after reading.
  • Focus on key details and the overall message of the text.

To master crucial reading skills, guide your child to identify the main ideas and summarize passages. Emphasize inference and critical thinking by deriving meaning from context and recognizing implied information. Additionally, foster summarization skills by focusing on essential details and grasping the text’s overarching message.

Fostering a Love for Reading and Building Fluency

1. Fluency Practice

  • Encourage regular reading aloud.
  • Use short, engaging passages to build fluency.

2. Visualizing

  • Ask your child to create mental images while reading.
  • Discuss how visualization enhances comprehension.

3. Metacognition

  • Teach your child to monitor their understanding while reading.
  • Encourage them to pause and reflect on whether they grasp the content.

To cultivate a passion for reading and enhance fluency, promote regular reading aloud and use engaging short passages. Encourage visualization by prompting your child to create mental images during reading and highlighting its comprehension benefits. Develop metacognitive skills by teaching them to self-monitor comprehension encouraging reflective pauses to assess their understanding as they read.

Individualized Instruction and Reading Engagement

1. Tailored Approach

  • Understand your child’s specific reading challenges.
  • Seek personalized instruction, such as tutoring or reading programs.

2. Reading Engagement

  • Choose books aligned with their interests.
  • Discuss the stories together to enhance comprehension.

3. Literacy Support

Improve reading comprehension

For personalized learning and increased engagement, adopt an individualized approach by identifying your child’s unique reading difficulties. Consider tailored instruction like tutoring or specialized reading programs. Foster engagement by selecting books that match their interests and engaging in discussions to boost comprehension. Utilize literacy support through various resources, including online platforms, educational apps, and local community offering


Supporting struggling readers as they work to improve comprehension is rewarding. Celebrate their successes, no matter how small, and encourage a positive attitude toward reading. By implementing these strategies, fostering active engagement, and seeking individualized support when needed, you’re equipping your child with valuable tools for a brighter academic future.

If you’re seeking additional guidance or support, contact Tutorfit456.  We specialize in working with struggling readers.