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Enhancing Reading Skills

Enhancing Reading Skills in Struggling Readers: Parent Tips

Enhancing Reading Skills in Struggling Readers: Tips for Parents

Enhancing Reading skills in struggling readers starts with a strong foundation, developing reading comprehension, enhancing fluency, improving reading speed and accuracy, and incorporating active reading strategies.  

If you are here as a parent of a struggling reader or you are an educational expert.  You know what our kids feel like when they do not seem to “get it” in the classroom.  The tips here will help. 

Reading skills are crucial for academic success and lifelong learning. As a trusted reading tutor at TutorFit456, we understand the importance of empowering struggling readers with practical strategies to enhance their abilities. 

This blog will explore techniques to improve reading skills, ensuring students become confident and proficient readers.

Enhancing reading skills by building a Strong Foundation

  • Phonics Instruction: Teach letter-sound relationships through multisensory activities.
  • Phonemic Awareness: Develop awareness of individual word sounds through rhyming and segmenting.

Phonics instruction is a fundamental approach to teaching reading that focuses on the relationship between letters and sounds. Through this method, struggling readers learn to decode words by recognizing the individual letter-sound combinations, which enhances their reading accuracy and fluency. Research has consistently shown the effectiveness of phonics instruction in improving reading skills for struggling readers. Studies have found that explicit phonics instruction significantly improved young, struggling readers’ word recognition and reading comprehension.

enhancing reading skills

Furthermore, multisensory activities, such as using letter tiles or incorporating movement while learning letter-sound associations, have been proven to increase student engagement and retention. By providing struggling readers with targeted and systematic phonics instruction, educators can build a strong foundation for reading success, empowering students to become more confident and proficient readers over time. This evidence-based approach equips struggling readers with the necessary tools to unlock the world of literature and academic achievement.

Developing Reading Comprehension

  • Vocabulary Development: Expand word knowledge through explicit instruction and word exploration.
  • Comprehension Strategies: Teach visualizing, predicting, and using context clues to aid understanding.

Building strong reading comprehension skills is vital for struggling readers to effectively comprehend and engage with texts. One essential aspect of this process is vocabulary development. By expanding their word knowledge through explicit instruction and word exploration, struggling readers can improve their understanding of texts and express themselves more confidently. Research supports the significance of vocabulary development in reading comprehension. According to studies, students with a richer vocabulary demonstrate better reading comprehension skills. Encouraging word exploration and usage in everyday conversations further solidifies word meanings and fosters active engagement with language.

Another critical component of reading comprehension is teaching effective comprehension strategies. Visualizing, predicting, and using context clues are powerful techniques that help struggling readers derive meaning from textsThese strategies positively impact reading comprehension. Guiding students to visualize scenes, make predictions, and utilize context clues enables them to engage with the material, leading to deeper understanding and improved retention. By incorporating these evidence-based strategies into reading instruction, educators can empower struggling readers to unlock the meaning behind the words and become more confident, proficient readers.

Enhancing Reading Skills by Enhancing Fluency

  • Read Aloud: Encourage regular reading aloud to improve fluency and expression.
  • Independent Reading: Foster a love for reading through independent reading time.
Enhance Reading Skills

Fluency is a crucial aspect of reading involving reading smoothly and expressing. Developing fluency can be transformative for struggling readers, as it impacts their overall reading proficiency. Two effective strategies to enhance fluency are Read Aloud and Independent Reading.

Read Aloud activities are highly beneficial for struggling readers. Encouraging regular reading aloud allows them to hear fluent reading modeled by teachers, parents, or peers. This exposure to natural reading rhythm and intonation help struggling readers improve their fluency and expression. Repeated reading and listening to fluent reading significantly enhance the fluency of struggling readers. Educators and parents can create a supportive environment for practice by setting aside dedicated time for Read Aloud sessions, enabling struggling readers to gain confidence in their reading abilities.

Independent Reading is crucial for enhancing fluency and fostering a love for reading. Allowing struggling readers to explore texts independently empowers them to engage with reading at their own pace and interests. Research by Krashen (2004) highlights the importance of free voluntary reading in improving reading fluency and comprehension. Offering a wide range of reading materials tailored to individual interests and reading levels encourages struggling readers to choose books that captivate them actively. This autonomy in selecting reading materials increases motivation and creates a positive reading experience. 

These are two strategies that we focus on at Tutorfit456™. Educators and parents can work together to instill a lifelong passion for learning.  As a team, we can empower struggling readers to become more fluent, confident, and enthusiastic by cultivating a love for reading through Independent Reading time.

Improving Reading Speed and Accuracy

  • Timed Reading Exercises: Use timed activities to increase reading speed and accuracy.
  • Chunking Techniques: Teach students to group words for smoother reading.

Enhancing reading skills through reading speed and accuracy are critical components of proficient reading. Struggling readers often need help in these areas, affecting their reading experience. As mentioned, two effective strategies to improve reading speed and accuracy are Timed Reading Exercises and Chunking Techniques.

Timed Reading Exercises involve setting specific time goals for students to read a passage. According to research by Rasinski (2004), timed readings help struggling readers develop fluency and increase their reading rate. By gradually reducing the time allocated for reading, students are encouraged to read more quickly while maintaining comprehension. Timed reading activities provide a structured and motivating way for struggling readers to challenge themselves and track their progress over time.

Chunking Techniques are valuable tools to enhance reading fluency and accuracy. Struggling readers may experience word-by-word reading, hindering their reading flow. Teaching students to group words or phrases together allows them to read more smoothly and efficiently. Research by Schwanenflugel et al. (2004) indicates that chunking improves reading speed and reduces reading effort for struggling readers. Practicing chunking through repeated readings of short texts helps students break down longer sentences or paragraphs into manageable parts. This technique builds automaticity, allowing struggling readers to recognize common word patterns and read more accurately and fluently.

As educators, we help struggling readers overcome reading challenges and develop essential speed and accuracy skills by incorporating Timed Reading Exercises and Chunking Techniques into reading instruction. These strategies provide targeted support and create a positive learning environment, empowering struggling readers to become more confident and proficient.

Active Reading Strategies

  • Annotation: Encourage underlining and note-taking for better comprehension.
  • Summarizing: Teach students to summarize main ideas in their own words.

Enhancing reading skills through active reading strategies are powerful tools to enhance reading comprehension and critical thinking skills. Two effective techniques are Annotation and Summarizing.

Annotation involves encouraging students to actively engage with the text by underlining essential information and writing notes in the margins. According to research, annotation helps readers interact with the material, improving understanding and retention. Students can actively process information by highlighting important concepts, asking questions, and making connections, making the reading experience more meaningful and productive.

Summarizing is another valuable strategy to enhance comprehension. Research indicates that summarizing fosters critical thinking skills and reinforces understanding. By teaching students to identify the main ideas and key details in the text and express them in their own words, educators help students internalize the information and develop a deeper understanding. Summarizing encourages students to reflect on their reading, analyze the content, and draw conclusions, promoting deeper engagement with the material.

Incorporating Annotation and Summarizing into reading instruction empowers students to become active and proficient readers. These strategies encourage more profound interaction with the text, leading to improved comprehension and critical thinking. By providing opportunities for students to practice these techniques regularly, educators can cultivate a love for reading and equip students with the skills they need to succeed academically and beyond.


Enhancing Reading Skills for Struggling Readers starts with building a solid foundation, developing reading comprehension, enhancing fluency, improving reading speed and accuracy, and incorporating active reading strategies. Phonics instruction, focusing on letter-sound relationships through multisensory activities, helps struggling readers decode words, leading to improved accuracy and fluency. Visualizing and using context clues are vocabulary development and comprehension strategies essential for understanding texts. 

Encouraging regular reading aloud and independent reading fosters fluency and a love for reading. Timed reading exercises and chunking techniques improve reading speed and accuracy. Lastly, active reading strategies like annotation and summarizing enhance comprehension and critical thinking. Integrating these techniques equips struggling readers to become confident and proficient readers, empowering them for lifelong success.

Reading skills are the road that leads to long-term academic and professional success. At TutorFit456, we are committed to fostering a lifelong love for reading and equipping students with the skills they need to thrive when they leave us. T

For more information or to schedule a free consultation, contact TutorFit456 today.