2904 Baker Rd. Suite B, Dexter, MI 48130 


Bilding Fluency

Best Practices for Struggling Readers: Building Fluency

Building fluency in struggling readers starts with an understanding of the problem. Building fluency best practices include individualized support, a positive and supportive environment, effective tutoring services, phonics instruction, sight word practice, regular reading, learning and using reading techniques and strategies, reading support, reading programs, and progress monitoring and adjustment.

Reading is a fundamental skill that opens doors to self-improvement and academic success. However, this journey can be challenging for struggling readers, leading to frustration and a lack of confidence in the classroom. 

As educators, parents, and tutors, we are responsible for helping struggling readers and giving them the tools they need to build fluency and unlock their reading potential. This blog will explore best practices and effective strategies to support struggling readers on their path to fluency, ensuring they become confident and proficient readers.

Understanding the Challenges of Struggling Readers

Before we look at the best practices, let’s take a moment to understand the challenges that struggling readers face. Struggling readers may encounter difficulties in various areas, such as:

  • Decoding: Difficulty in recognizing and understanding letter-sound relationships, leading to stumbling over words and affecting overall reading flow.
  • Comprehension: Struggling to grasp the meaning of the text and connect it with their prior knowledge, impacting their understanding of the material.
  • Fluency: Reading slowly and with limited expression hinders their reading ability and understanding.
  • Vocabulary: Limited word knowledge affects their ability to comprehend complex texts and express themselves effectively.
  • Motivation: Struggling readers may need more interest in reading due to their challenges, leading to a reluctance to engage with books.

To address these challenges and build fluency, let’s explore the best practices and effective strategies that can make a significant difference for struggling readers.

Best Practices for Building Fluency in Struggling Readers

Provide Individualized Support

  • Recognize that each struggling reader is unique, and their needs may vary. Tailor instruction and support to address their specific challenges and strengths.
  • Conduct reading assessments to identify areas of difficulty and determine the appropriate starting point for instruction.
Building Fluency

Create a Positive and Supportive Environment

  • Foster a love for reading by creating a positive and nurturing reading environment at home and in the classroom.
  • Encourage struggling readers and celebrate their progress, no matter how small. Positive reinforcement boosts their confidence and motivation.

Implement Effective Tutoring Services

  • Seek professional tutoring services, like TutorFit456, that support struggling readers. Experienced tutors can provide targeted and personalized instruction.
  • Tutors can identify the root causes of reading difficulties and develop a structured plan to address them.

Incorporate Phonics Instruction

  • Phonics instruction is crucial for struggling readers to develop strong decoding skills. Teach letter-sound relationships through multisensory activities for better retention and engagement.
  • Focus on explicit phonics instruction to help struggling readers recognize and associate letter-sound combinations, leading to improved reading accuracy.

Practice Sight Words

  • Sight words are commonly used words that readers should recognize instantly. Create sight word lists and practice them regularly to enhance reading fluency.
  • Sight words provide a solid foundation for reading, as they appear frequently in texts and contribute to overall reading speed and comprehension.

Engage in Regular Reading Practice

Building Fluency
  • Encourage daily reading practice to build fluency. Set aside dedicated time for reading, and ensure it becomes a consistent part of the daily routine.
  • Provide a variety of reading materials that match the interests and reading levels of struggling readers. Choice in reading materials fosters motivation and engagement.

Use Reading Techniques and Strategies

  • Teach comprehension strategies like visualizing, predicting, and using context clues to aid understanding.
  • Encourage active reading strategies like annotation and summarizing to enhance comprehension and critical thinking skills.

Offer Reading Support

  • Provide guidance and support during reading activities. Offer help when struggling readers encounter difficult words or concepts.
  • Engage in meaningful discussions about the reading material to deepen understanding and promote a love for reading.

Utilize Reading Programs and Resources

  • Leverage evidence-based reading programs and resources designed specifically for struggling readers.
  • Integrate technology-based reading tools and apps that can reinforce reading skills and offer interactive learning experiences.

Monitor Progress and Adjust Instruction

  • Regularly assess struggling readers’ progress to track improvement and identify areas that require additional support.
  • Adjust instruction based on the progress and needs of each struggling reader to ensure continuous growth.
Building Fluency


Building fluency in struggling readers requires patience, understanding, and effective strategies. By implementing best practices and providing individualized support, we can empower struggling readers to develop strong reading skills and confidence. 

At TutorFit456, we nurture a lifelong love for reading and equip struggling readers with the skills they need to thrive academically and beyond. Together, as educators, parents, and tutors, we can significantly impact the reading journey of struggling readers and pave the way for a brighter future filled with endless possibilities.

Support your child’s reading potential with TutorFit456. Contact us for a free consultation today!