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address reading comprehension issues

Address Reading Comprehension Issues in Struggling Readers

Address reading comprehension issues

Address reading comprehension issues in struggling readers by first understanding the underlining challenges.  Then use the following strategies to support reading improvement: activate prior knowledge, preview and set goals, chunking and summarizing, questioning and predicting, retelling and visualizing, and discussion and reflection. 

As a parent, you are concerned about your child’s reading comprehension struggles. At TutorFit456™, every student deserves the opportunity to excel in reading. We help by using these strategies.   

In this blog post, we explore practical strategies and techniques to address reading comprehension issues in struggling readers. Whether you’re a parent, teacher, or tutor, these actionable tips will help you support and empower struggling readers on their journey to improved comprehension skills.

Unveiling the Challenges of Reading Comprehension

To effectively address reading comprehension issues, it’s crucial to understand the underlying challenges struggling readers face. Here are some common hurdles that may impede their comprehension abilities:

  • Vocabulary and Language Skills:
    • Limited vocabulary knowledge hinders understanding of complex texts.
    • Difficulty grasping the meaning of academic or specialized language.
  • Decoding and Fluency:
    • Weak decoding skills lead to struggles with word recognition.
    • Slow reading pace affects overall comprehension and engagement.
  • Background Knowledge and Context:
    • Insufficient exposure to various topics and concepts limiting connections to text.
    • Difficulty relating prior experiences to new information in the text.

Understanding struggling readers’ challenges is essential in effectively addressing reading comprehension issues. These challenges include limited vocabulary knowledge, which makes it difficult to understand complex texts and grasp the meaning of academic or specialized language. Struggling readers also need help with decoding and fluency, as weak decoding skills result in difficulties with word recognition, while a slow reading pace affects their overall comprehension and engagement. 

addressing reading comprehension issues

Moreover, insufficient exposure to various topics and concepts limits their ability to connect to the text, and they may need help relating their prior experiences to new information presented in the reading material. By recognizing and addressing these obstacles, we can provide targeted support to help struggling readers improve their reading comprehension skills.

Proven Strategies to Enhance Reading Comprehension

Pre-Reading Techniques:

  • a. Activate Prior Knowledge:
    • Help students recall relevant knowledge on the topic to establish connections.
    • Encourage brainstorming and discussions to activate background information.
  • b. Preview and Set Goals:
    • Skim the text together, focusing on headings, subheadings, and visual cues.
    • Guide students in setting reading goals to foster engagement and purpose.

Active Reading Strategies:

  • a. Chunking and Summarizing:
    • Teach students to break down the text into smaller, manageable sections.
    • Encourage summarization of each section to reinforce understanding.
  • b. Questioning and Predicting:
    • Train students to ask questions before, during, and after reading.
    • Guide them in making predictions to enhance critical thinking and engagement.

Post-Reading Approaches:

  • a. Retelling and Visualization:
    • Encourage students to retell the main ideas or events from the text.
    • Foster visualization by creating mental images or sketches related to the text.
  • b. Discussion and Reflection:
    • Promote thoughtful discussions to deepen comprehension and perspective.
    • Encourage students to reflect on their reading experience and personal connections.

Several proven strategies can be implemented to enhance reading comprehension. Before reading, activating prior knowledge is essential. By helping students recall relevant information and engaging in discussions, connections to the text can be established. 

Addressing reading comprehension issues

Previewing the text together and setting reading goals fosters engagement and purpose. During active reading, chunking the text into manageable sections and summarizing each section aids comprehension. Encouraging questioning before, during, and after reading and making predictions enhances critical thinking and engagement. After reading, retelling the main ideas and visualizing them through mental images or sketches reinforces understanding. 

Thoughtful discussions deepen comprehension, and reflection on the reading experience and personal connections further enriches learning. 

By incorporating these strategies, we can empower struggling readers to develop their reading comprehension skills and become confident learners.

Individualized Support for Struggling Readers

  • Differentiated Instruction:
    • Identify students’ specific needs through assessments and observations.
    • Tailor instruction to address their individual challenges and strengths.
  • Multi-Sensory Techniques:
    • Engage multiple senses during instruction to reinforce comprehension.
    • Incorporate auditory, visual, and kinesthetic elements in learning activities.
  • Scaffolded Support:
    • Break down complex texts into smaller, manageable sections.
    • Provide guided support to gradually build students’ independence and confidence.
addressing reading comprehension issues

To provide individualized support for struggling readers, implementing differentiated instruction is crucial. Identifying students’ needs and tailoring instruction to address their challenges and strengths. Multi-sensory techniques enhance comprehension by engaging multiple senses during instruction. Incorporating auditory, visual, and kinesthetic elements in learning activities reinforce learning and make it more engaging. 

Furthermore, scaffolded support plays a vital role in helping struggling readers. Breaking down complex texts into smaller, manageable sections allows students to approach the material more easily. Providing guided support gradually builds their independence and confidence, enabling them to tackle more challenging texts over time. 

By implementing these strategies, we can offer personalized support that meets the unique needs of struggling readers, helping them develop their reading comprehension skills effectively.

Monitoring Progress and Fostering Growth

  • Ongoing Assessment:
    • Regularly assess students’ comprehension skills using various assessment tools.
    • Use the results to track progress, identify areas for improvement, and adjust instruction.
  • Celebrating Achievements:
    • Recognize and celebrate students’ milestones and improvements in comprehension.
    • Foster a positive reading experience by acknowledging their efforts and growth.

Implementing ongoing assessment is crucial to monitor progress and foster growth in reading comprehension. Regularly assess students’ comprehension skills using diverse assessment tools to gain insight into their progress. Use the results to track their growth, identify areas for improvement, and adjust instruction accordingly.

address reading comprehension issues

In addition to assessment, celebrating achievements is essential. Recognize and celebrate students’ milestones and improvements in comprehension. You foster a positive reading experience and motivate them to continue working towards further progress.

By combining ongoing assessment with celebrating achievements, you can effectively monitor progress and provide the necessary support to foster growth in reading comprehension skills. This approach ensures that struggling readers receive the personalized attention they need to succeed and thrive in their reading abilities.


Using strategies and techniques outlined in this blog post, parents, teachers, and tutors can make a difference in helping struggling readers improve their comprehension skills. TutorFit456™ is committed to providing the necessary support and guidance to unlock the potential of struggling readers and cultivate a lifelong passion for reading. Let’s join forces to empower these students and set them on a path toward success.